Historical Background and Function

   Montenegro Seismological Observatory was founded on 1st of May 1960 with a main task of seismic monitoring of the Montenegro territory and studying the physics of earthquake phenomena. At that time, the Observatory operating as Seismological station Titograd and the Prof. Vaso Pejanovic was elected as the director, by the Government of Montenegro. On its founding, the Observatory was equipped with simple seismographs for recording of earthquakes, at the short and long epicentral distances (Mainka, Vegik). In the middle of 1968, Slavko Vucinic was nominated as the director of Seismological station. In the time period from 1973 to 1976 year, trough the International UNESCO/UNDP regional Project "Survey of the Seismicity for the Balkan region", three-component seismometers with photo-optical registration of seismic signals were purchased (SKM, SKD). After catastrophic 1979 Montenegro earthquake, the Seismological station Titograd grown up to the Montenegro Seismological Observatory.
   At the end of 1982, trough the International UNDP/UNESCO project "Seismic risk reduction in the Balkan Region", for the territory of Montenegro, a new telemetry seismic network has been installed. The network included 10 seismic stations equipped with FM radio-telemetry transfer of analogue seismic signals. At the January of 1989, Prof. Branislav Glavatovic was appointed as the director of Montenegro Seismological Observatory and he is on that position up today. During year 1990, Montenegro Seismological Observatory originally developed a method for digital acquisition of seismic signals on PC computer.
   At the end of 2007, SmartGeoHub acquisition system, for fully automated earthquake data processing and real-time earthquake data exchange, is installed in Observatory. In the middle of 2008, Seismological Observatory of Montenegro obtained broadband station as a donation of MedNet (INGV, Italy). During 2008 and 2009, the SMART24 digitizers were installed at all seismic stations in Montenegro.    During 2009, two broadband seismic stations, DRME (Dracevica) and CEME (Cevo) have been put in operation.
The building of the Montenegro Seismological
   Today, Montenegrin Seismological Network consists of 14 seismic stations after installation of the forth broad-band station at the end of July 2011, near town Kolasin (KOME).
   MSO expanded its activity on geodynamic monitoring of Montenegro by installing two stations, at the end of 2009. At the beginning of 2011, by the evaluation of the Ministry of Science ("Official Gazette 14/2011"), Montenegro Seismological Observatory was given the license to conduct scientific research in the field of natural and mathematical sciences. Based on this decision, the Observatory obtained the status of the scientific-research institution.
   Montenegro Seismological Observatory, as the administrative organization of Montenegro government within Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism, carries out continuous seismic and geodynamic monitoring and seismological analysis, for the purpose of the knowledge expanding on geological and geophysical processes of the preparation and occurrence of earthquakes on the Montenegro territory and its effects on buildings and infrastructure systems. Observatory performs different tasks related to: analysis of seismic signals, processing of observations results and interpretation of seismicity, studying the phenomenology of earthquake preparation and occurrence, technical maintenance of National network of seismic stations etc. Also, MSO realizes tasks related to applied or engineering seismology, in order to define seismic parameters for sites planed for high building constructions, seismic regionalization of the whole Montenegro territory, etc. Observatory continuously observes a specific phenomenon, registered in the regions of large water reservoirs, so-called induced seismicity, occurring as a result of hydrostatic and hydrodynamic processes during large reservoir pounding and impounding.
   In case of earthquake occurrence in Montenegro or in the wider region, Seismological Observatory makes urgent processing of recorded data and publishes it in several minutes. On a yearly basis, the Observatory publishes seismological bulletin covering information about all recorded earthquakes on the Montenegro territory, surrounding areas and stronger shocks in the whole World.  Today, Seismological Observatory of Montenegro employs professional staff with one Doctor of geophysics, one Master of Science in geology, two engineers of the technical professions, one physicist, one mathematician-programmer, two technicians and two administrative collaborators.